Ulan-Ude - the capital of the Republic of Buryatia
It is located on the right bank of the Selenga River at the confluence of the Uda River. The area of the city is 347.6 km2. The population is 435 thousand people. The distance to Moscow is 5532 km.
History of Ulan-Ude
The city was founded in 1666 as the Cossack hut Udinskoe on the right bank of the Selenga River at the confluence of the Uda River. In 1678, the hut was transformed into a prison, which in 1775 received the status of a city and the name Verkhneudinsk. Since 1923 Verkhneudinsk has been the capital of the Buryat-Mongol Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic. In 1934 the city was renamed Ulan-Ude, which is translated from the Buryat language means "Red Uda". Since 1958, Ulan-Ude - the capital of the Buryat Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic, since 1991 - the capital of the Republic of Buryatia. Today, Ulan-Ude is a large economic, scientific and cultural center of Eastern Siberia.
Culture, museums, and theaters of Ulan-Ude
Ulan-Ude is an ancient historical and cultural center of Siberia. The city has five professional theaters: the Buryat State Academic Opera and Ballet Theater, the Buryat State Academic Drama Theater named after Khotsa Namsaraev, State Russian Drama Theater named after Bestuzhev, Republican Puppet Theater "Ulger" and the Youth Art Drama Theater. Far beyond the borders of Buryatia, performances of the Buryat State National Song and Dance Theater "Baikal", performing with constant success at home and abroad, are known. A large number of cultural attractions are represented in the museums of Ulan-Ude. One of the largest open-air museums in Russia - the Ethnographic Museum of the Transbaikal Peoples presents unique collections of samples of wooden architecture of the peoples of Siberia, as well as historical finds from the Hunnu era to the middle of the 20th century. The Museum of the History of Buryatia has a rich archaeological and ethnographic collection, a special place in the museum's exposition is occupied by a Buddhist collection of religious objects and samples of decorative and applied art. Among the museums of Ulan-Ude, it is also worth noting: Museum of Nature of Buryatia, Art Museum named after Sampilov, Museum of Literature of Buryatia named after Namsaraev, Geological Museum, etc.
Attractions of Ulan-Ude
Ulan-Ude is included in the list of historical cities of Russia, the city has 234 historical monuments, monumental art, architecture, and urban planning. On the rocky right bank of the Uda River, near the automobile bridge, there is a memorial stone and two Orthodox crosses symbolizing the founding place of the city. In the historical center of Ulan-Ude, there are old merchant mansions of the 19th century, decorated with wood and stone carvings, which are of historical and architectural value, among them: House of the tradesman Pakholkov (1801, the first residential stone building of the city), Merchant Vtorov shop-passage , House of the merchant Kurbatov (1820), House of the merchant Goldobin (now the Museum of the city of Ulan-Ude), House of merchants Trunevs (1840), House of the merchant Borisov (1870), House of the merchant Kapelman (1907) , The building of the public meeting (1914, now the Museum of Nature of Buryatia) and others. One of the sights Ulan-Ude is a monument on the main square of the city - Soviet Square - in the form of the head of Vladimir Lenin. The monument weighing 12 tons and a height of 13.5 meters, cast in bronze, rests on a granite pedestal in the front part, bounded below by an oblique slice. A unique example of the church architecture of Transbaikalia is the Odigitrievsky Cathedral (1741) - the first stone building in the city, the main artistic and decorative element of the interior of which are gilded carved iconostases. You can also note such sights of Ulan-Ude as the Holy Trinity Church (1809), the Church of the Ascension (1789), the Monument to the hero of the folk epic "Geser", the Royal Palace Arch, the sculptural composition "Mother of Buryatia", the magnificent building of the only one in Eastern Siberia and the Far East of the Buryat Opera and Ballet Theater, Monument to the soldiers of Buryatia who died during the Great Patriotic War and many other memorable places. Another attraction of Ulan-Ude is the pedestrian part of the central Lenin Street, the so-called "Buryat Arbat", during the day it is filled with artists, and in the evening, young people are resting. Two sculptural compositions are installed here, one of them depicts the baton of the god of trade Mercury and the cornucopia, thus repeating the semantic content of the city’s coat of arms, the other represents two birds symbolizing the Udu and Selenga rivers. The main relic of these places and the spiritual capital of the Buddhist Traditional Sangha of Russia is Ivolginsky datsan "Khambyn-Khure", located 30 kilometers from Ulan-Ude. It is also worth noting the Buddhist center "Rinpoche Bagsha", in the main temple of which is the largest Buddha statue in Russia, covered with gold, as well as the Buddhist female datsan "Zungon Darjaling", in whose territory there is a stupa with the holy relics of Buddha.