It is located in the south western part of Buryatia. The district was founded in 1940, its area is 25 594 square kilometers. The center of the district is Orlik village; the distance from the village to Ulan-Ude is 770 kilometers.
The indigenous population of the Okinsky region is Buryats and Soyots (the indigenous small people of the North, Siberia and the Far East of the Russian Federation). They preserved the original way of life and culture of their ancestors; they breed yaks and dzos (haynaks), local breeds of cattle.
There are many places of worship in the area, and these days they are revered by the local population. One of them is Lake Elchirey-Nuur, located near the Irkut River. The square form island in the middle of the lake is the ancient sanctuary – a place of worship of Soyots. Nogoon Ula (Green Mountain) green colored and of pyramidal form Mountain is the main place of worship of Soyots. The mountain of Genghisyn baira (Genghis Khan’s Chapel) has the form of a yurt. It is venerated in connection with the cult of Genghis Khan.
Mount Khan-Uula is one of the main revered shrines of Oka. The sword of Geser is kept under the mountain according to legends. Tamgata – is a rock in the vicinity of Sayany village. There are pictograms on the rock of light red, beige-colored, supposedly made with ocher.
The sacred mountain of Ulan-Shulun (originates from the Buryat “red stone”), where according to the legend there was a battle between the Buryat and Tuvan batyrs. The blood spilled by the Buryat batyr painted the mountain red. At the foot of Khan-Uul, on the bank of the Sentz River there is the Khongodorskaya stele. This wooden stele is the image of a man holding a swan above his head – the totem of the Hongodor tribes.
Another sacred place of the indigenous population is considered the picturesque waterfall Maly Zhombolog, falling into a huge funnel of volcanic origin. And Munkhe arshan – “the source of eternal youth”, in 3 kilometers from the village of Khuzhir. The place of veneration of the water spirits.
Valley of extinct volcanoes
There are nine extinct volcanoes in the Tunka valley, up to 68.5 meters in height; the largest of them are the Talskaya Peak, Khara-Boldok, and Kovrizhka. Several thousand years ago, volcanoes erupted in large scale, and hot lava flowed along the valley. The lava flow spread for 70 kilometers down the valleys of Khi-Gol and Zhombolog, and the thickness of the layer of solidified lava reaches 150 meters. There are two regular truncated cones in the middle of the lava fields – Kropotkin and Peretolchyn volcanoes.
The valley is surrounded by spiky ridges on all sides. In the summer it is animated by spots of greenery and blue patches of lakes, in the winter it is a cold, harsh snowy desert. A special charm to these places is attached by the fact that even in the hot summer it can suddenly start snowing, and the water will be covered with a centimeter layer of ice.
From Buryat – “always white bald peak”. It is the highest peak of the Sayan mountain range (3491 meters in height). The same name has a section of the Greater Sayan range in the region of the summit, consisting of six mountain groups, with a length of 14 km. The Munku-Sardyk ridge has an alpine relief with mountain valleys of glacial origin. On the main and some other peaks there are four small glaciers. Munku-Sardyk is considered a sacred territory for the local population, the habitat of Abai-Geser Khan and the numerous spirits of the Sayan Mountains.
Shumak Nature Park
Shumak is a unique place, an oasis in the Sayan Mountains. There are a huge number of different mineral springs, lakes with healing muds, and rivers in this gorge.
Zhoygan is a wild resort, a valley of mineral springs and hot springs on the border of Tyva and Buryatia. It is located in the upper reaches of Arzhan-Khem river. There are more than 40 springs with water temperature from +10 to + 40 ° С.