Kyakhtinsky District

Location

The district is located in the south of Buryatia. It was founded in 1923; its area is 4663 square kilometers. The center of the district is the city of Kyakhta; the distance to Ulan-Ude is 235 kilometers.

Culture

The Kyakhta district is rich in monuments of history, culture, and archeology. Among them, one of the most impressive objects associated with the era of the first in Central Asia, the state of Hunnu – a group of burial grounds in Ilmovaya pad’(creek valley). It is located 23 kilometers from Kyakhta. During the excavation, 320 graves were found belonging to different strata of the Hunnish society. The objects of everyday life, weapons, elements of horse harness, ornaments were found at the site. These unique objects of everyday life and art are kept in collections and exhibited in the expositions of the Kyakhta Museum of Local History.

The city of Kyakhta is known to the world as the “golden gate of Russia”, the Great Tea Way went through the gate. Thanks to the development of trade, which led to the emergence of a wealthy class of merchants from Kyakhta, many stone buildings and churches were built in the city at that time. Their architecture and decoration are monumental and rich.

In 1730 the first Buddhist temple was built in Transbaikalia – the Murochinsky Datsan, in 60 kilometers to the east of Kyakhta, on the right bank of the Chikoy River. A unique collection of works of Buddhist philosophers was kept in the datsan, and a school of pupils-huvaraks worked there. In the 1930s, lamas were subjected to repression, and in the 1950s the datsan had been leveled to the ground. The revival of Buddhism began only in the second half of the 1980s, and a new one appeared on the site of the destroyed temple – Datsan Baldan Breibun. Today it is a place of pilgrimage for many believers.

Also, in Kyakhta district the dune sites of Stone Age people were found, which preserved the historical appearance of the Paleolithic epoch.

Nature
Ilmovaya pad’ (creek valley)

The largest complex of Hunnu burial grounds 2-1 centuries BC located to the east of the village of Ust-Kyakhta. It contains about 320 graves.

Cave Gorodovoy Utes

The cave is located on the right bank of the Chikoy River and is known for its ancient rock carvings. They awere made by red ocher and are characteristic for “Selenga” petroglyphs of Transbaikalia. The mountain itself is a revered, sacred place among local residents.

Resort Kiran

One of the oldest resorts in Buryatia is located on the shore of the same name lake Kiran. This small lake is filled not only with mineral water but also with healing mud.