The district is located in the central part of Buryatia. It was established in 1923, its area is 8,269 square kilometers. The center of the district is the city of Gusinoozersk; the distance to Ulan-Ude is 110 kilometers.
The vast steppe expanse of the Selenga Valley is the center of the monuments of the Hunnic era. There are the burial mounds of the tribal nobility of the Hunnu at Ilmova and Cheryomukhovaya valleys, Tsaram valley, on Orgoiton. Dyrestuisky Kultuk and Ivolginsky burial ground contained objects of artistic bronzes, made in the “bestial” style.
Unique rock paintings, “Selenga” petroglyphs, many ocher-filled drawings were found in Temnikovskaya cave, which resulted from weathering of rocks. Also, rock paintings, cemeteries of the Bronze Age and the middle Ages were found in the ancient settlement of Khara-Hapsagay.
The Selenginsky district is the historical center of Buddhism in Russia, the birthplace of nine Pandito Hambo-lamas. Talyn Khargana is one of the sacred Buddhist places. According to legend, this place is guarded by the spirits of the seven lamas.
Selenga – the longest river in Central Asia it originates in Mongolia and flows into Baikal. It collects the waters of many rivers, including the Aegiin-gol, flowing out of Lake Khubsugul. Therefore, the Hubsugul and Baikal lakes are considered to be related. In ancient times the river was very abundant and occupied huge spaces. The ancient river bed turned into a wide, picturesque valley.
The healing spring flows from under the rock, at the very foot of the Khamar-Daban. One can relax and get treatment in the resort at the spring.
Along with Baikal water, omul and other treasures of Buryatia, there is unique sea-buckthorn. Our sea-buckthorn is the best in the world for its taste, the richness of vitamins, minerals, and nutrients.
The lake is the most picturesque of the Ubukun lakes and is very popular among tourists and residents of the area. Almost the entire coast of the lake is covered with forest-steppe herbs, and the water in it is transparent as in Lake Baikal.