Barguzinsky district is the northern one in the Republic of Buryatia. It was established in 1923, the area of the district is about 18.5 thousand square kilometers. The center of Barguzinsky district is the village of Barguzin, named after the strong wind of Barguzin, raging on Lake Baikal. The distance from Ulan-Ude to the village is 315 km.
This is one of the places in Siberia, where political prisoners and Decembrists served their time in the 19th and early 20th centuries. Historical and memorable places of those times are preserved in the village of Barguzin. Also one of the historical places of Barguzin is the Savior-Transfiguration Church – an original monument of the architecture of Russian classicism.
Barguzinsky district is worth a visit to see the pristine nature, a variety of natural landscapes and stunning views.
There is quite everything in this area of Buryatia: majestic mountain ranges, river valleys, islands, hot natural springs, and no man’s taiga.
The Barguzin River
It is the main river of the region along which you can raft on boats.
It is the largest bay of Baikal Lake. On the shore of the bay there is the village of Ust-Barguzin and the Barguzin River flows into the bay.
This is the only major mountainous peninsula on Lake Baikal. Its length is 53 km, width is up to 20 km. The highest point of the peninsula is at 1878 m. At the top there is a high plateau, from where a picturesque circular panorama of the isthmus of the Holy Nose, Chivyrkuisky, Barguzinsky Bays and Ushkan islands opens.
It is located on the territory of the Trans-Baikal National Park. The depth of the water in the bay reaches 600 meters, but most of the water is shallow, only 10-20 meters. This allows cold Baikal water to warm up in the summer months to 20-22 degrees Celsius. There are seven islands in the bay. The most beautiful landscapes and the brightest dawns on Lake Baikal are in the Chivyrkuisky Bay!
The Ushkan Islands
These islands are a natural monument. They represent the towering above the water peaks of the Academic Range. In the summer it is a favorite place for Baikal seal – Nerpa.
It occupies more than a third of the eastern coast of Lake Baikal, stretching along it from north to south for almost 300 km. The greatest height is 2841 meters (Baikal peak). There are traces of glaciation on the ridge, morainic deposits, and river valleys with numerous waterfalls.
It is unique in the beauty of the scenery, the richness of natural complexes, history and culture place. It is located in the intermontane basin along which the Barguzin River flows. Significant areas of the valley are occupied by meadows, swamps, there are sections of sands. There are several mineral springs with health properties. There are two specially protected natural territories in the valley: Djerginsky and Ulyun wildlife reserves. The length of the Barguzin Valley is 230 km