The Republic of Buryatia being a subject of the Russian Federation is included in the Far Eastern Federal region (okrug). Ulan-Ude city is its administrative, economic and cultural center. The distance from Ulan-Ude to Moscow by railroad is 5519 km and 3500 km to the Pacific Ocean.
The Republic occupies 351,3 thousand squire km
The native people are Buryats, Evenks, and Soyots
State languages are Russian and Buryat
The Republic has its own Constitution, State symbols: Coat-of-arms, flag, and Anthem.
Buryatia is a mountainous country. The highest point in the western mountain chain is the Munku Sardyk (3491 m). “The Ancient Crown of Asia” is the name of this land.
Buryatia is a homeland of lakes, big and small, that form the most beautiful spots of nature. The deepest and the largest of them is the Baikal, the reservoir of the one-fifth of the world’s reserves of fresh water of highest standards. Lake Baikal is a subject of spiritual worship and special concern. People call it the sacred sea. The major part of Baikal Lake (about 60% of its coastline), the deepest freshwater lake in the world is situated on the territory of Buryatia.
The length of the Baikal is 636km, the width ranges from 25 to 79 km. The total length of Baikal coastline is 2100 km and the square of its aquatorium is 31,5 thousand sq.m. The maximal depth is 1637 m., its average depth is 730m. Baikal is a natural reservoir for 1/5 part of Almost all the rivers of Buryatia carry their waters into the Baikal. The largest of them are the Selenga, the Barguzin and the Upper Angara. Only the wilful Vitim flows into the Lena – the great river of Siberia.
The vegetation and the fauna of Buryatia are rich. There is a great variety of unique and rare species that are found in the Red Book. World famous are such species as Barguzin sable, Baikal seal (nerpa) and omul. The rich flora of the region is the inexhaustible treasure for the traditional oriental medicine.
The multinational character of the Republic determines greatly the variety of modes of life. Friendliness and peacefulness, traditional respect for the elder and consideration for children distinguish the population of the republic. Historically Buryatia emerged on the boundary of many cultures which got closely interwoven and mutually enriched. It is this fact that has become the foundation for the unique and distinctive culture of Buryatia.
Buryatia is a multinational republic, different religions and confessions exist here peacefully. The most widely-spread and traditional are Buddhism and Orthodoxy including one of its branched-ancient Orthodoxy. There is traditional Buddhist Sangkha of Russia and the Buddhist Institute of Dashi Choynkhorlyn. The ancient system of religions and philosophic ideas-shamanism, the main confession of aborigines before coming of Buddhism and Orthodoxy to Buryatia, is being revived.
The future of Buryatia is connected with its stable development on the ground of rational use of the unique natural complex of Lake Baikal and rich cultural and historic legacy as well. One of the most important ways of social and economic development of the Republic is tourism. Buryatia possesses a significant share of the most attractive natural historic and cultural resources of tourism in Eastern Siberia.